People face hatred, because of their skin colour, ethnicity, religion, gender or sexuality. The victims may simply lack the necessary practical tools, such as incident reporting forms, that allow racist motivation to be noted – or the inclination to provide information not always deemed obligatory. This means these hate crimes remain unidentified or unrecorded – and thus un-investigated, unprosecuted, uncounted and, ultimately, invisible.
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A hate crime is a criminal offence, one motivated by bias toward gender identity, ethnic background or race: the perpetrator selects their victim because of who they are, or who they are perceived to be.
The hate crime is the most severe expression of discrimination, and a core fundamental rights abuse. Various initiatives target such crime, but most hate crime across the USA and UK remains unreported and unprosecuted, leaving victims without redress.
If hate crimes are not recognised, people may feel as though the law does not extend to them, or not in the same way: "They can be attacked, and nobody's going to anything about it."
More often, prosecutors rely on state statutes. The laws, and punishment for the offence, vary from state to state. Overall, the designation of hate crime means the perpetrator will receive a harsher sentence, or additional time behind bars.
It imposes harsher penalties for offences motivated by a victim's actual or perceived race, colour, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender or disability.
Supporting hate crime victims, this campaign sheds light on the diverse hurdles that impede victims’ access to justice and the proper recording of hate crime.
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